INTERCULTURAL EDUCATION RECONSIDERED: A DISCUSSION BASED ON COMMUNICATION THEORY AND WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO RELIGIOUS EDUCATION.

Geir Skeie

Abstract


The article discusses how the concept intercultural can be used to understand human
relations in general and educational settings in particular. Drawing on the theory of
intercultural communication, it is argued that all human encounters may be
interpreted as being intercultural. Intercultural situations in a more narrow sense
occur when one actor experiences, expects or introduces culture as part of the
interaction. Educationally, such situations may be both constructive and counterproductive.
In order to deal with intercultural settings, the teacher should first
analyse the situation in light of knowledge about cultures and religions as well as
the sociocultural context. Then, one strategy is to focus on culture by enhancing
complexity breaking down stereotypes, another is to avoid culture, by reducing
complexity and focusing on the school subject. By alternating between these two
strategies the teacher contributes towards establishing a third culture in the
classroom, facilitating both reflection and negotiation.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7833/89-0-1013

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ISSN 2305-445X (online); ISSN 0254-1807 (print)

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