NTUMBULUKO, THEOLOGY, AND ISSUES OF GENDER IN THE TSONGA WORLDVIEW: TOWARDS AN AFRICAN WOMAN’S THEOLOGY OF LIBERATION IN MOZAMBIQUE

André Jonas Chitlango, Anthony Balcomb

Abstract


Ntumbuluku is a word in Tsonga culture which is difficult to define but which
depicts the essence of Tsonga culture with respect to the law and its requirements. It
impacts on the whole of life, including issues of gender, and especially concerning
the role and identity of women. How this impact takes place – whether to the
detriment or advancement of women in Tsonga society – depends on how the
concept is used. It can be both an unchangeable obstacle or hindrance to women's
liberation and it can also be used to promote women's liberation. This essay is
based on the conviction that Christian theology should be able to discern the
difference between these two influences and build into Christian theology an
understanding of ntumbuluko that contributes to the positive advancement of women
in Tsonga society.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7833/86-0-947

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ISSN 2305-445X (online); ISSN 0254-1807 (print)

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