Klaus Nürnberger


This essay responds to five reviews of my Theology of the Biblical Witness. While
the project was generally appreciated, there was a general feeling that I imposed a
pre-formulated grid on the wealth of the biblical detail. In my response, I argue that,
to reduce unmanageable complexities, research cannot do without models. While
deductive models are impositions of systems of inferences from ostensibly selfevident
assumptions, inductive models are obtained from prioritisation of aspects of
experienced reality. Moreover, in their verdict of linearity, reductionism and grid
imposition, the reviewers have applied their preconceived concepts of evolution
rather than taking heed of the model that I have actually utilised. Here evolution is
seen in the context of the cosmic entropic process and take levels of emergence into
account that covers the whole of reality. To evaluate the model, the actual
procedures and findings of my research must be checked against the biblical
material. I claim that my method is more capable of integrating biblical research
and theological reflection than conventional approaches.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7833/90-0-1083


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ISSN 2305-445X (online); ISSN 0254-1807 (print)

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