SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC EMASCULATION AS CONTRIBUTING FACTORS TO GANGSTERISM ON THE CAPE FLATS

Llewellyn LM MacMaster

Abstract


Gangsterism has been a part of the communities of the Cape Flats since the establishment of these townships under apartheid laws such as the Group Areas Act (1950) and its "twin partner", the Population Registration Act (1950).  Gangsterism is a systemic phenomenon, rooted in multiple socia-economic and political causes, and it affects the lives of individuals, families and whole communities. ...

Keywords


Criminal economy; emasculation; Gangsterism; Psycho-systemic approach

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7833/95-0-1403

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ISSN 2305-445X (online); ISSN 0254-1807 (print)

Attribution CC BY-NC-ND 4.0


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