Sakkie Cornelius


Texts and images are used to look at the way the ancient Egyptians perceived and treated
�the other� (their neighbours and foreigners such as the Asians, Kushites and Libyans).
Were they treated with dignity? According to the Egyptian world view, Egypt was the
centre of the world and the foreign countries were seen as the periphery. Egypt stood for
order and the vile foreigners for chaos. The foreigners had to be controlled by the pharaoh
who conquered the foreign lands, which also had to pay tribute. This article devotes more
attention to the Kushites, who were described as wretched and were physically mistreated.
On the other hand, there are also examples of Egyptians interacting with foreigners in a
more positive fashion. But in the end not much dignity was accorded to �the other�.


Egypt, Human Dignity, Foreigners, Xenophobia

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ISSN 2305-445X (online); ISSN 0254-1807 (print)

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