THE NATURE OF THE GREEK OF THE NEW TESTAMENT - ITS PAST AND PRESENT

Simon Wong

Abstract


This study surveys the historical development of the understanding of the nature of New Testament Greek from the 16th to the 19th century. It aims at two main controversies, namely the Purist-Hebraist controversy, and the Sacred-Common Greek controversary. The former centres on the issues concerning the purity of the language reflected in the New Testament. Since examples of hebraisms are so common in the new Testament, the Purist who tried their very best to defend the subtleties and elegance of the language on a par with the classical literature, were bound to lose their battle. As a result, the victory of the Hebraists lead to another even more debated issue: the Sacred-Common controversy. The peculiarities of the language reflected in the corpus have prompted some biblical scholars to thinks that NT Greek is so closely linked with the message in the NT, that it is in fact a special means of the Holy Spirit to communicate with mankind. This view has become very popular under the aegis of Rothe’s term, “language of the Holy Ghost’. This view was soon taken over, especially after Deissmann’s discoveries of the papyri, by the opponent view that NT Greek should actually be classified as the koine dialect spoken in Hellenistic times. In the final section, a brief evaluation of the entire situation is given in the light of the present state of the art.

Keywords


New Testament Greek; Purist-Hebraist controversy; Sacred-Common Greek controversary; Hebraisms; Purist; Language of the Holy Ghost

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.7833/32-0-1884

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



ISSN 2305-445X (online); ISSN 0254-1807 (print)

Attribution CC BY-NC-ND 4.0


Powered by OJS and hosted by Stellenbosch University Library and Information Service since 2013.


Disclaimer:

This journal is hosted by the SU LIS on request of the journal owner/editor. The SU LIS takes no responsibility for the content published within this journal, and disclaim all liability arising out of the use of or inability to use the information contained herein. We assume no responsibility, and shall not be liable for any breaches of agreement with other publishers/hosts.

SUNJournals Help