TERUG NA DIE TOEKOMS: OOR DIE SAMEHANG TUSSEN RITUELE TYD EN IDENTITEIT

Cas Wepener, Christoff Pauw

Abstract


Back to the Future:
On the Connection between Ritual Time and Identity


This paper is an attempt to illustrate how ritual time figures in the formation of
identity, and specifically how ritual time can play a positive, constructive role in the
establishment of Christian identity. First, the notion of time is discussed from both a
phenomenological and a liturgical perspective. Phenomenologically, time is a
construction that draws on nature and historical memory to order reality, but
theologically that order is broken into and broken open by the incarnation, death
and resurrection of Christ to reveal to us God’s future. After this identity is
discussed as a cumulative social construction that takes place in space and over
time. Identity is constructed by means of symbols with which people identify or with
which they are identified. Time itself can also become such a symbol that constructs
identity. As such, the liturgical enactment of ritual time – the memory of God’s
future that breaks into our reality – can contribute to the formation of Christian
identity. Therefore it is important to continually review and actively make use of
time as a symbol in the ritual formation of Christian identity.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7833/85-0-940

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ISSN 2305-445X (online); ISSN 0254-1807 (print)

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