Yeol Kim, H. F. Van Rooy


This article is the third and final one in a series of articles on Psalm 78. The different
articles are part of an experiment in a multidimensional reading and each of
them deals independently with an aspect of the interpretation of Psalm 78. While the
previous two articles deal with the textual and authorial dimensions of Psalm 78,
this article will deal with the dimension of the reader and will make some final concluding
remarks on the whole series. The diachronic aspect of the reader, on the one
hand, can be described from the first (original) hearers/readers of the text up to
modern readers because reception is an ongoing process which constitutes a continuation
of the diachronic aspect. On the other hand, the synchronic aspect of the
reader is constituted by the context in which and from which readers operate. As
stated in the first article of this series accepting the principle of a pluralism of exegetical
methodologies is a methodological presupposition for this study. Based on
this presupposition various exegetical methods that elucidate the meaning of the
psalm have been employed in this study. As basis for this plurality of exegetical
methodologies, the communication model has been adapted as hermeneutical
framework. As a result, the three basic elements of the communication process (the
sender, the medium, and the receiver) constitute the model of this multidimensional
reading of Psalm 78. Based on the mutual relationship between diachronic and synchronic
aspects, the investigation of the heading, of the tradition history, of the dating
and the historical setting (with Sitz im Leben), and the study of the canonical
shape of Psalm 78 have all contributed to yield some new and fresh insight for understanding
the psalm’s own genesis.

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